the workers did not welcome that Committee. The Labour leaders in Madras also did not welcome that committee for failure of prior consultation with the Central Labour Board.


In January 1921, the Madras Buckingam Mill went on a strike andthe manage- ment declared a lock-out. In support of the Mill workers, the Union immediately col- lected a sum of Rs.8,000/-and presented to the mill workers


It was, during this year, that the two Railway Unions in India, one for the north and one for the south, amalgamated in Bombay after attending the session of All India Trade Union Congress and appeared in the name of All India Railwaymen's Federa tion. The first President elected for the Federation was Rao Sahib Chandika Prasad. Rev. C.F.Andrews gave full support for the formation of Railwaymen's Federation in India.


In the election held in for the Union, workers came forward to manage the Union, Shri Panchaksharachary, Chargeman, Millwright shop was elected as Presi- dent, Shri M.C. Gnanamuthu as the Secretary and Shri Govindarajulu Naidu as Trea- surer.


So far the Union was functioning from the premises of Madras Labour Union.The dire need for a separate office in Perambur was felt and the office was located at No. 12, Somiah Raja Street, Agaram, Perambur and Subsequently shifted to No.2, Main Road, Perambur, near the Carriage Works over-bridge.

Then the rate of subscription forthe Union membership was one anna per memb- ber per month.

A co-operative society was also initiated for formation by the Union for the benefit of the Perambur workers.

In April 1924, a memorandum of grievances was submitted to the Agent for inc- rease in wages gratuity etc. The Agent expressed his willingness to meet the repre- sentatives from shop, for a discussion. The workers rejected the proposal on the dem- and that Union representatives alone should be called for negotiation. Recognition of of Union was also sought during the year. Draft bye-laws we,re prepared and submitted
to the management. The membership of the Union was 5,50 0 including Arkonam
Workshop. By , Branches were opened at Gooty, Arkonam, Rayapuram and Ma- dras and the membership was 8,852 . The management was panicky at the growth of
the Union and suggested that Union should comprise of only workers of Perambur
workshop and none else.

M & S.M. Railway Employee's Union played a major part in consolidation of All India Railwaymen's Federation along with B.B. & C. I. Railway Employees' Union and B.N.R. Indian Labour Union.


In the year 1926, M & S.M. Railway Employees' Union called its first conference in Krishna Talkies, Walltax Road, Madras/ At the same time and at;the same place,
the AITUC and AIRF also held their conferences. Shri N.M. Joshi presided over the Conference. The Perambur workers contributed a day's wage amounting to Rs. 4,000 / in all forth e Conference. The volunteer corps of the Union under the leadership of
Captain Shri Ranganatha Mudaliar, Vice-Captains Shri Thanikachalam and Shri.Parthasarathy Naidu, did a good service and they were presented with a silvercup. The Conference opened the eyes of the entire working class in the City of