Shri T.V. Kalyanasundaram Mudaliar, during this period, took a wide decision to resign from his service as Tamil Professor from Wesley College to dedicate his life entirely for the labour movement.

Shri B.P. Wadia, President of the M & S.M. Railway Employees' Union had to go to England on 7-5-1919 and Shri T. Ranganatha Naidu, a worker in Perambur Work shop was asked to assume the Presidentship of the Union.

In 1920, barely an year afterthe formation of the Union, a proposal was mooted in the Union to merge it with the Provincial Congress Committee which was thrown out by the railway workers and there arose a misunderstanding.


'O n 13-2-1920, the clerical staff also attended a meeting of the Union addressed by Dr. Annie Besant, Dr. G.S. Arundale etc. "

The Union in the workshop rose stronger day by day by the help of some active workers like M/s, Rudra Kuppuswamy Naicker, Appaswamy Naicker, Govindarajulu Naidu, Alwar Naidu, Narasimulu Naidu, Jambulingam, Thandavaraya Naicker and Madurai Mudaliar and the Union was established. The rrianagement realised the strength of the movement and immediately granted an increase in wages, overtime allowance, holidays, provision of latrine, tiffin shed and drinking Water facilities. Perambur work ers having been benefitted by the Union did not stop there. They began spreading the message of the Union all over the M. & S.M. Railway.

In the first Madras Provincial Workers' Conference held on 21-3-1920 under the chairmanship of Diwan Bahadur Kesava Pillai, M/s. N. Govindarajulu Naidu and R. ' Kuppuswamy Naicker participated on behalf of the M. & S.M Railway Employees' Union.


Meanwhile,'the Central Labour Board was established on 4-7-1920. Shri TV. Kalyanasundaram was its first Chairman,'which came to the rescue of the M & S.M. Railway Employee's Union when a case was filed by the management against certain workers of Arkonam on the ground that they removed the railway lines, an act of sabo- tage, as a measure of creating fear in the minds of the workers from joining the Union. The case was tackled successfully by Madras Central Labour Board and the manage ment had to withdraw the case from the court.


In August 1920, a mamoth procession was conducted to receive Shri B.P. Wadia who returned from his foreign tour.

In 1920, the Union submitted a list of demands to the Agent, whose reply was unsatisfactory. On account of that, discontentment was high.


There was a workshop strike at this juncture in Hubli, for which the Perambur workers collected Rs.5,000/- and sent to them for assistance.

Shri T.V. Kalyanansundaram was taking very keen interest in the labour field in the City of Madras. The then Governor Lord Wellington served an exile order on Shri Kalyanasundaram to leave the City and made him to live at Red Hills, 9 miles away from the City and the order was withdrawn after a month.


Finding that trade disputes were increasing in the City, the Government wanted to form an enquiry committee under Justice Kumaraswamy Sastri as the Chairman. Having come to know that Shri Sastri was a member of the Rowket Enquiry Committee